5 Tips to Reduce Pigmentation on Indian Skin

5 Tips to Reduce Pigmentation on Indian Skin

If only we could sail through life with flawless skin forever! We as Indians, are a melanin-rich beauty, and hence scientifically reported to be more susceptible to pigmentation disorders than other human groups. But luckily, it’s possible for lingering blemishes to fade over time with the right treatment.

What causes us to be more prone to Hyperpigmentation (unfair, right?)?

Melanin, a natural pigment that determines skin color, is produced by skin cells called melanocytes. These melanocytes store melanin in small cell packets called melanosomes which can leak with inflammation and trauma causing dark skin patches. Since individuals with comparatively deeper skin tone have more melanosomes, they’re more prone to hyperpigmentation.

Also, we live in the tropics. One of the primary skin concerns here is pigmentation and tanning. Our humid and hot tropical conditions demand from us an imperative measure to protect our skin all the time from UVA and UVB rays, and of course the pollution.

The most common causes of dark spots?

  • Excess UVA/UVB ray exposure
  • Inflammatory skin conditions, like acne or eczema
  • Physical injury, like cuts, bruises—oh, and picking at your zits
  • Blue light from computer and phone screens
  • Genetics (TY, Mom and Dad)
  • Rashes and allergic reactions

How to prevent Hyperpigmentation?

  • SPF, SPF, SPF:

Since we live in a tropical country, it’s imperative to protect your skin at all times from UVA and UVB rays, pollution and blue light. Make sure you apply a sunscreen with SPF 30 or more with PA ++ and your skincare routine includes double cleansing to get rid of the pollution residue.

  • Retinol, Vitamin C:

Look for skincare products with antioxidant ingredients like Vitamin C, Retinol and Ferulic Acid, which can prevent pigmentation.

These creams work by preventing the production of melanin while simultaneously increasing cell turnover by exfoliating the top layer of dead skin so that the existing pigmentation is done away with. You can treat your skin while you sleep by their overnight application under medical supervision.

  • Dermat treatments:

Derms also have access to several fancy in-office treatments that can help fade pigmentation, including:

a) Lasers

This is a process where laser beams are zapped directly onto your skin, targeting the pigmented area in order to gently break apart the pigment. If you choose to go this route, be cautious. Some lasers can’t accurately target dark spots on deeper skin tones, which could leave you with burns, scars.

b) Chemical peels

The high concentration of exfoliating ingredients in the peels work to break down the top layer of dead skin cells, allowing the clearer, spot-free skin underneath to rise up.

c) Microdermabrasion

Using a handheld exfoliator, your derm will either spray your skin with teeny-tiny crystals or polish your face with a diamond-tipped wand. Both methods remove dead skin cells, leaving behind brighter, clearer skin. If you have sensitive skin that’s highly reactive or you’re currently dealing with an acne flare-up, you’ll want to skip this option.

d) Medications:

Several medications can help hyperpigmentation. The best option will depend on how widespread the issue is, how sensitive your skin is, and if you’re pregnant, planning, or nursing, all under medical supervision.

  • Anti-inflammatory diet:

Consume a diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods like turmeric, green, leafy vegetables, berries, tomatoes, and pomegranate. This helps to prevent oxidative stress which is the result of free radicals and antioxidant imbalance in your body. Free radicals damage healthy skin cells and induce more pigmentation.

  • Lifestyle changes:

Check your hormones if they’re line as excess of estrogen and progesterone lead to overproduction of melanin when exposed to sun. Make sure you’re eating enough protein as protein is important for wear and tear and repair of our cells. Also, make sure you’re sleeping enough – 7-8 hours everyday. And not to remind again, drink 2-3 litres of water everyday!

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